1. Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework
  2. Subitizing: What is it? Why teach it? by Doug Clements or here Subitizing_What_is_it_Why_teach_it
  3. Math Matters, Even for Little Kids by Stipek, D., Schoenfeld, A., & Gomby, D. (2012). Education Week. Retrieved from
  4. Making Play Work for Education by Deborah Weisberg and colleagues (6 pages).


  1. Why Early Childhood is the Right Time to Start Learning Math – Doug Clements YouTube. (2013, November 22). [Video file]. Retrieved from
  2. How Many Are Hiding, Finger Games, and Teacher Guided Instruction. (2015). Games for Young Mathematicians.
  3. Two Numbers. (2016). Games for Young Mathematicians.
  4. By the Numbers – Who Has More YouTube. (2011). [Video File].
  5. Problem Solving Development: Composing Shapes. YouTube. (2015). Doug Clements describes the Composing Geometric Shapes learning trajectories for young children.

Math Picture Books

Riddle books:

  • Math Fables by Greg Tang
  • Math Fables Too by Greg Tang
  • Math For All Seasons: Mind-Stretching Math Riddles by Greg Tang


  • Mouse Shape by Ellen Stoll Walsh
  • Which One Doesn’t Belong?: A Shapes Book by Christopher Danielson
  • Color Zoo by Lois Ehlert
  • Round is a Tortilla or Round is Mooncake by Roseanne Thong
  • Shapes (Math Counts)
  • Shapes and Things by Tana Hoban
  • So Many Circles, So Many Squares by Tana Hoban
  • The Greedy Triangle by Marilyn Burns
  • Seven Blind Mice by Ed Young
  • What is Square? By Rebecca K. Dotlich
  • Village of Round and Square by Ann Grifalconi
  • Harold and the Purple Crayon by Crocket Johnson
  • The Silly Story of Goldie Locks and the Three Squares by Grace Maccarone
  • There’s a Square: A Book about Shapes by Mary Serfozo
  • Brown Rabbit’s Shape Book by Alan Baker
  • Bear in a Square by Stella Blackstone
  • The Wing on a Flea: A Book about Shapes by Ed Emberley
  • Up Goes the Skyscaper! by Gail Gibbons
  • Manhattan Skyscrapers by Eric Peter Nash and Norman McGrath
  • Building a House by Byron Barton


  • The A-B-A-B-A A Book of Pattern Play by Brian P. Cleary
  • Pattern Bugs by Trudy Harris
  • Patterns (Math Counts)
  • The Napping House (growing pattern) by Audrey Wood
  • Five Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed by Eileen Christelow 


  • Ten Black Dots by Donald Crews
  • Mouse Count by Ellen Stoll Walsh
  • Anno’s Counting Book by Mitsumasa Anno
  • Pete the Cat and His Four Groovy Buttons by Eric Litwin and James Dean
  • How Many Snails? by Paul Giganti
  • Fish Eyes: A book you can count on by Lois Ehlert
  • Hippos Go Berserk! by Sandra Boynton
  • Quack and Count by Keith Baker
  • Math Counts: Numbers
  • Balancing Act by Ellen Stoll Walsh
  • Uno, Dos, Tres: One, Two, Three by Pat Mora
  • Five Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed by Eileen Christelow
  • The Napping House by Audrey Wood
  • Two Ways to Count to Ten: A Liberian Folktale by Ruby Dee
  • Doggies by Sandra Boynton
  • The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle
  • Seashells by the Seashore by Marianne Berkes
  • The Baseball Counting Book by Barbara Barbieri McGrath
  • Five Little Ducks: An Old Rhyme by Pamela Paparone
  • Miss Spider’s Tea Party by David Kirk
  • Remainder of One by Elinor Pinczes
  • One Hundred Hungry Ants by Elinor Pinczes
  • Zero the Hero by Joan Holub
  • Rooster’s Off to See the Word by Eric Carle
  • Too Many Eggs: A Counting Book by M. Christina Butler
  • 10 Bears in My Bed: A Goodnight Countdown by Stanley Mack
  • One Duck Stuck by Phyllis Root
  • One Was Johnny: A Counting Book by Maurice Sendak
  • Fiesta by Ginger Foglesong Guy
  • One Hungry Monster: A Counting Book in Rhyme by Susan Heyboer O’Keefe
  • Ten, Nine, Eight by Molly Bang
  • My Love for You by Susan L. Roth
  • Feast for 10 by Cathryn Falwell
  • My Visit to the Dinosaurs by Aliki
  • Count-a-saurus by Nancy Blumenthal
  • March of the Dinosaurs: A Prehistoric Counting Book by Jakki Wood
  • Ten Little Ladybugs by Melanie Gerth
  • 10 Dogs in the Window by Claire Masurel
  • 10 Apples up on Top by Theo LeSieg


  • How Big is a Foot? by Rolf Myller
  • A Giraffe and a Half by Shel Silverstein
  • Let’s Measure it! by Luella Connelly
  • Who Sank the Boat? by Pamela Allen
  • Measuring Penny by Loreen Leedy
  • Inch by Inch by Leo Lionni
  • How Long or How Wide?: A Measuring Guide by Brian P. Cleary
  • How Tall, How Short, How Far Away? by David A. Adler
  • Jim and the Beanstalk by Raymond Briggs
  • Length by Henry Pluckrose
  • Me and the Measure of Things by Joan Sweeney

Toy Examples

Hi Ho Cherry-O
Chutes and Ladders
Memory Game
Candy Land
Connect Four

Card Games

Memory (Concentration)
Go Fish
Top It (War)
Slap Jack
Crazy 8s
Old Maid
Sleeping Queens

Other online resources

Development and Research in Early Math Education

Erikson Early Math Collaborative

Math in the Mail